Picture Perfect Playgrounds, Inc.
In 1997, Coach Eddie Bagwell of the Rockdale Youth Baseball Association (RYBA) Conyers, Georgia invited a 7 year old child confined to a wheelchair to participate in the game. Michael had attended every game and practice while cheering on his 5 year old brother. The next year, the RYBA gave other children with disabilities the opportunity to play baseball within their complex of typical baseball diamonds.
Empathy is an emotion that can be defined as knowing what another is feeling, feeling what another is feeling, and responding compassionately to another's distress. Prosocial behaviors, such as helping, sharing, and comforting others illustrate the development of empathy.
Lee F. Hanmer, sometimes called an "educational missionary for playgrounds," was influential in the recreation and playground movement early in the 20th century. Lee was an effective and industrious leader in organizations such as the Playground Association of America, the Russell Sage Foundation, the Boy Scouts of America, the Recreation Alliance, and the War Department Commission.
Nature-Deficit Disorder is a phrase coined by Richard Louv in his book, Last Child in the Woods: Saving Our Children From Nature-Deficit Disorder, published in 2005. Having spent ten years traveling around the country, in both rural and urban areas, asking parents and children alike about their experiences in nature, he discovered that in the last two generations there has been a significant decline in time spent enjoying nature.